It’s been 15 years since planning began to redesign the MD site. And of course a lot has happened in this long time, plans have been made and thrown overboard, new ideas have been developed and adapted to changing circumstances. Only a few listed parts of the building remain from the former paper mill. There is no question of standing still.
However, one thing became clear during the discussion event held in Erchana Hall of the Ludwig-Thoma-Haus on Tuesday evening. there are still many steps to be taken before the “city district”, whose owner Isaria München Projektentwicklungs. GmbH, dreams that the first construction workers can actually move in, not to mention the first residents can move in. Above all, however, one thing is clear. until it is certain that the mammoth project in the heart of Dachau will not cause traffic to collapse, residents will continue to be suspicious of the project. The good persuasion of Mayor Florian Hartmann (SPD) does not help either.
Over the course of nearly two and a half hours, Master City Builder Moritz Reinhold and Project Manager Dietmar Sagmeister do their best, despite this difficult starting point, to give the audience a sense that their concerns and fears are being taken seriously. Because that’s what public participation is all about, as envisioned in the current building management process; only when all doubts are cleared can the land use plan be changed and a development plan initiated. And only then can the Mühlbachviertel really take shape, which, if you believe those in charge, will be the perfect mix of residential and commercial, green spaces and cultural venues.
But even if it’s clear to everyone that future predictions are still difficult at this point, the question of timing is understandably on the minds of many in attendance. However, neither Reinhold nor Hartmann allow themselves to be carried away by the predictions of that evening. According to the mayor, setting a schedule especially at this moment is “absolutely doubtful”.
The fear of drowning in traffic is especially high among residents of Ostensstrasse
This first of all refers to the second big question that attracts everyone present. when will the Bahnrandstrasse, as the planners call the road along the lines where the state road is to diverge, and the underpass on Freisinger Strasse follow? should connect? At an information evening organized by the alliance for Dachau under the title “15 years of traffic chaos on Ostensstrasse”, former city councilor Bernhard Sturm expressed concern a week ago that the underpass could be “built much later or not built at all”. A concern that also penetrates several times tonight in the Ludwig-Thoma-Haus, where another 15 years are also being celebrated.
Hartman can only say this much. once construction work on the underpass begins, it will take several years to complete, but certainly not as long as critics fear. Reinhold adds that they want to start next year in the planning approval process, which they do not fully control. This in turn raises the question for the woman in the audience as to what will happen if the plan approval procedure fails; the railway is not necessarily known as a reliable partner.
Reinhold then assures that there is a legal framework to follow, but that everyone involved – the city, the railways, the government of Upper Bavaria – is interested in the underpass and will also push the project forward. Hartman explains that a conscious decision was made against a complete closure in order to avoid the very thing that many residents fear; that all traffic be diverted to Ostenstrasse. A temporary bypass takes longer and costs more to build, but is more compatible with traffic from the planners’ point of view.
“We’re doing a lot to make traffic better managed.”
On the subject of more traffic, Markus Höfleisch of the engineering department says up to 10,000 more cars are expected, “5,000 in, 5,000 out.” However, we should not forget that in the future, the level crossing, which still causes frequent traffic jams, will be eliminated. “We are doing a lot to ensure that traffic is better managed,” assures Reinhold. It remains to be seen whether this will appease those who live in Etzenhausen or beyond the railway lines and who feel that little or no attention has been paid to planning.
The man, who identifies himself as a member of the ADFC, is less interested in motorized traffic than in bicycle transport and its designated routes. Reinhold then assures that the surface area is planned to be “largely car-free” and that footpaths and bike paths criss-cross the site, even if, unlike ADFC, they are not always separated from each other. “Reciprocal consideration” is the key word here. Bike lanes around the quarter will also be gradually expanded. However, Reinhold also asks for your understanding that all of this cannot happen overnight. A bicycle parking garage, like at the train station, is not planned, but there will be covered bicycle parking and a “mobility center including car sharing.” Finally, he refers to the mobility ordinance, which the city would like to publish soon, in order to be able to handle the topic of traffic in Dachau more fully in the future.
According to the designers, 40 percent of the area is green, there are doubts about that
Traffic in all its aspects, as has long been clear by now, is the central theme of the evening. Peter Heller from Bund Naturschutz (Bund Naturschutz) puts the topic of sustainable urban development at least briefly on the agenda. He suspects that about 40 percent of the area is green. Rather, he believes 75 percent of the area will become highly enclosed if current plans are maintained. He also advocates planting large-stemmed trees that are climate-ready. He welcomes that the problems of overheating and air circulation are taken into account.
The only question left to him is whether the planners have thought about building a so-called “sponge city”. In urban planning, this is a concept in which accumulated rainwater is collected on site instead of draining. Reinhold assures that containment functions have been taken into account and that flat roofs are now planned instead of the originally planned pitched roofs. Only in the case of a “100-year flood” will it be necessary to inject rainwater into the mill stream.