In Ukraine, the Russian occupation forces, together with the separatists of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions, have planned a vote on the annexation of the occupied territories to the Russian Federation. Similar research will also take place in Kherson and Zaporozhye regions. Votes are believed to be rigged. The most important questions and answers.
How should surveys be conducted?
Voting will take place from September 23 to 27. Even yesterday, however, many details are still unclear. Voting will probably take place not online, as was previously said, but in polling stations. According to the Russian news agency RIA, they have only one question in Russian and Ukrainian: do the regions want to separate from Ukraine, create an independent state and join Russia.
All reports and background information about the war in Ukraine. SZ in the morning and SZ in the evening. Our news–Bulletin: updates you twice a day. Free registration at sz.de/morgenabend. Among us news app (download here) you can also subscribe to the newsletter or our latest news as a push message.
It is possible to vote not only in the affected areas, but also in the Crimea occupied by Russia and some regions of Russia, as the news agency also reports. Officially, this should allow Ukrainian refugees to participate.
Could it be representative?
no It is difficult, if not impossible, to organize a legitimate and representative vote in the middle of a war. In addition, the Russian army does not control the entire territory of the voting areas. And with the possibility of voting in Crimea and Russia, it will be very easy for Moscow to manipulate this vote, which was assumed internationally for a long time.
The polls are fake referendums, and it is almost certain that Moscow will declare a landslide victory and declare the territories part of Russia.
What are the international reactions to this?
Kiev warned Ukrainian citizens on Tuesday that any participation would be considered a “violation of Ukraine’s territorial integrity” and that anyone who helped organize the vote or applied for a Russian passport would be prosecuted. Internationally, many governments have already announced that they do not want to recognize the “referendums”.
What happened in Crimea in 2014?
In a similar poll on March 16, 2014, 95.5 percent voted in favor of Crimea’s “reunification” with Russia. Previously, the peninsula was practically occupied by Russian troops without national insignia. The vote is not internationally recognized and is believed to have been rigged. Among other things, Russian nationals are said to have been flown in to participate.
Although there is a large pro-Russian minority in southern Ukraine, the near-unanimous approval of joining Russia was also an unlikely outcome. In a recent poll in Ukraine, only 41 percent of voters supported secession.